SPORTS

















































Skiing

Skiing

Descripction

Sport which consists in that the athlete, joined by a rope to a motorboat you drag at high speed, slips on the water with one or two ski; competitions are made in three specialities: figures, slalom and jump.

Boxing

Boxing

Descripction

Contact sport, is to defend themselves and attack by applying blows of fist exclusively of and above the waist, used gloves and protective helmets at an amateur level, there are categories by weight in males 10 and ladies 3. Fights in a quadrilateral with canvas surface with ropes adjusted around it.

Soccer

Soccer

Descripction

It is a team sport, where they face two teams with the objective of record the largest amount of goals in the opposing goal. In the meetings involved 11 players by teams, including the Archer is played 90 minutes divided in 45 minutes each one with a break of 15 minutes.

Tennis

Tennis

Descripction

It is a sport of racket, individually or in pairs it practices in different surfaces clay, grass and cement in playing field is rectangular of 23,77 meters long by 8,23 m wide divided by a network.

Volleyball

Volleyball

Descripction

It is a sport where they face two teams of 6 players each, in a rectangular court, divided by a network and in environments of indoor and outdoor. The aim of the game is to score the most points, moving the ball on the network and that this touch the floor of the opponents. Are also annotated points when they fail their serves.

Swimming

Swimming

Descripction

It is an individual sport and by teams, which includes speed and resistance.The aim is to perform the test in the shortest time.Is done in a swimming pool of 50 m long and 21 m wide and at least 3 m of depth. It is divided into 8 lanes, each of 2.50 m. The test for 50, 100, 200, 400, 800 and 1500 m in the four classic styles: Butterfly, embers or chest, back and crol or free.

Badminton

Badminton

Descripction

It is a sport of racket that is played in a rectangular area of 13,40m x 5,18m divided by a network, you play the best of 3 sets. 21 points in each set unlike the other racquet sports facilities in this are not used a ball but a steering wheel also known as fly, pen or cock.Quickness, dexterity characterize this sport.

Equestrian

Equestrian

Descripction

Sport that consists in shaping a binomial, bone a rider and a horse that work for years to achieve a perfect harmony between style, speed and agility, the athlete is called rider when it is male and amazona when it comes to a woman.

Jump: compete men and ladies on the whole, the rider or amazona must guide the horse to perform a clean break without dropping the obstacles within a carefully circuit path in less time and with the least amount of misdemeanors (strike and make fall the obstacles)

Training: Olympic discipline that form part of the equestrian sports, consists in ensuring that the horse perform tasks dare of orders with harmony, balance.

Field Hockey

Field Hockey

Descripction

It is a sport of set divided into two teams of 11 each, is played four quarters of fifteen minutes with five minutes of rest between the first and second quarter, between the third and fourth and fifteen minutes between the second and third party in the event of a tie will be criminal launches until you get the inequality, is played driving a ball with a stick or stick.

Raquetbol

Raquetbol

Descripction

It is a sport that is played in racket 4 walls is used the roof and is played in a closed environment is an individual sport or in pairs. The players use racquets head is wide and short fist to hit a ball median rubber against the walls and ceiling. The ball must not touch the ground before reaching the front wall. The aim of the game is to perform a pull or hit the ball so that your opponent will not can return correctly. The ball cannot bounce more than once in the ground. Before the second boat of the ball, you must hit the ball and it must be in the front wall, or frontis. In the racquetball courts are played individual parties (one against one) and doubles (in pairs).

Athletics

Athletics

Descripction

It is a sport of individual aptitude or by teams, which consists of a large number of tests, which are divided into: speed tests, hurdles and relay, medium foreground and background, jumps and launchings.

Speed racing are: 100, 200 and 400 m. Divided into plans and with fences.

The races of average fund and fund are: 800, 1500 and 3000 with and without obstacles.

The fund are 5000 and 10000 m. on the track.

The marathon are 42 km and is performed by the streets ending in track

Jumps are divided in long jump and high;Jump: long and triplejump high and with pole or tongue.

Launches are 4: Hammer, Bala, javelin and disk.

Canoeing

Canoeing

Descripction

Water sport of whole or on computers that are practiced within a boat lightweight fiberglass or carbon to competitive level, the boat can be driven by 1,2 or 4 crew members not 3, are used paddles or oars to boost the same, the main objective is to move the boat from one end to another in the shortest possible time.

Futsal

Futsal

Descripction

It is a sport of whole or of equipment where are divided into two sets of 5players in a court of 40 x 20 mts. Where the goal to win the gameis to convert goals in the fence or arc contrary.

Judo

Judo

Descripction

Is a martial art that allows the athlete called Judoca an iron discipline and dedication, is to use the strength of the opponent to favor, are only used keys not blows, is individual participation, to win, you must overthrow the rival and gets points competes in a tatami mat call.

Triatlon

Triatlon

Descripction

This sport of Male and female, traditionally is individual made its debut in the program of the Olympic Games in Sydney in the year 2000, and covered the Olympic Distance (swimming: 1500 meters (0.9 mi) - Bicycle: 40 kilometers (24.9 mi) - Race: 10 kilometers (6.2 mi).

Diving

Diving

Descripction

Individual sport, whose objective is to conduct a series of acrobatic figures from the gathering momentum of the platform to the entrance of the water.Types of leapforward. In front of the vacuum and the rotation of the fall must be in the same direction.Rearward. With your back to empty and the rotation of the fall must be in the same direction.Reverse. In front of the vacuum and the rotation of fall must be toward the springboard or platform, to this type of break is also called Dutch.Toward inside. With your back to empty and the rotation of fall must be toward the springboard or platform.With turns. Any of the above groups that include turns on the shaft head-feet of jumper except the hands, to these jumps are also called pirouettes or jumps with turns.From balance of hand (stop hands). Any of the above groups with the particularity that the jumper will, before jumping, supported on their hands.

Basketball

Basketball

Descripction

Sport that is practiced in a rectangular court with two teams of 5 players, each one with the principal objective of obtaining points dare of baskets or baskets that could be of 1.2 and up to 3 points, lasts 40 minutes divided in 4 rooms of 10 minutes each time. The only account when the ball is in play then stops the same.

MTB

MTB

Descripction

Sport that requires specialized bikes with front suspension and rear distances between the 8 to 10 km. Must be off-road, mountains, forests, or outdoors in tracks pre manufactured.

Table tennis

Table tennis

Descripction

It is a sport of racket you compete individually or in pairs, is an Olympic sport since the Olympics 1988 in Seoul.In accordance with the rules laid down by the ITTF, the top surface of the table, known as playing surface, will be rectangular,with a length of 2.74 m and a width of 1.525 m, and will be located in a horizontal plane at 76 cm from the ground.

Remo

Remo

Descripction

Water sport individual or team that consists in the propulsion of aboat with or without helmsman through the muscular strength of one or several oars sitting back in the direction of movement, the Olympic rowing competes in 14 procedures all of mobile bank, is practiced in calm waters.

Taekwondo

Taekwondo

Descripction

It is an individual sport a martial art transformed into Olympic sport since Spain 1982, used techniques of fist and kicks to get points and thus achieve victory.

Sailing

Sailing

Descripction

It is a water sport, is an Olympic sport since Paris 1900 has been part of the South American Gamessince its inception with the exception of La Paz Bolivia in 1978 and Valencia Venezuela in 1994.This sport that is to dominate the vessel using the force of the wind, the variety of boats includes windsurfing, giving me, catamarans and yachts.Each test consists of a series of regattas by a circuit and is awarded points in accordance with the order of arrival.

Synchronized Swimming

Synchronized Swimming

Descripction

It is a discipline within the swimming that involves the formation of artistic figures matched to the rhythm of the music, of two or more athletes in male and female within the water surface, also known as aquatic ballet.

Rugby

Rugby

Descripction

It is a sport of set of strong physical contact with the participation of 12 players of which 7 are in court the parties are two periods of 7 minutes each one takes the time when the ball is in play the objective is to convert points, is played with both hands as with the feet with a ball oval.The arc or the goal: two posts separated by 5.6 meters and united by a cross member located at 3 meters of height.The posts should have a minimum of 3, 4 meters high, which gives the whole of the three sticks a form of H and a line that crosses perpendicular the court, from side to side.

Scuash

Scuash

Descripction

It is a sport that is played in racket 4 walls is used the roof and is played in a closed environment is an individual sport or in pairs. The players use racquets head is wide and short fist to hit a ball median rubber against the walls and ceiling. The ball must not touch the ground before reaching the front wall. The aim of the game is to perform a pull or hit the ball so that your opponent will not can return correctly. The ball cannot bounce more than once in the ground. Before the second boat of the ball, you must hit the ball and it must be in the front wall, or frontis. In the racquetball courts are played individual parties (one against one) and doubles (in pairs).

Lifting weights

Lifting weights

Descripction

Sport of individual participation where the Athlete must lift the largest amount of weight in two modalities:

Starting: consists in raising the bar from the floor to above the head, all in a single movement.

Momentum
: consists in lift in two times, a single momentum until the shoulders and then fully extend the arms.

Shooting sport

Shooting sport

Descripction

It is a sport of precision and skill it is practiced in the open air and individually. Used firearms or compressed air, 15 different events: 9 for men (M = male) and 6 for women (F = female), in three different disciplines, are five events of shooting with carbines, five with guns and five for clay pigeon shooting with shotgun.

Waterpolo

Waterpolo

Descripction

It is a sport of set, water, are divided into two teams of 6 players each and a goalkeeper or archer, difference in color of the CAP, the main objective is to convert goals in the rim or fence rival, the game is divided into 4 times of 8 minutes each effective (i.e. when in ball is at stake) each team has the possession of max. 30 seconds per move to convert a goal.

Hand Ball

Hand Ball

Descripction

Sport of set that consists of two teams of seven players compete in a court of 40 meters x 20 meters (131 ft x 65.6 ft).The players are passed the ball and haggle with the hands, in an effort to score goals against the opposing team.In this game fast and very active, it is not uncommon to see 50 goals scored in a single party.A game of handball consists in two periods of 30 minutes each.The team with the most goals wins.The current South American Champion in male and female is Brazil.

Cycling Track

Cycling Track

Descripction

Also known as a career of track is characterized by raced in a velodrome with current dimensions of 250 mts. The bicycles designed for track have the difference in relation to the route which their pedals are higher. There are several modalities in track:

- Single Speed

- Speed by teams

- against the clock

- individual persecution and by teams

- By points- Keirin

- Scratch

- Ómnium

Artistic Gymnastics

Artistic Gymnastics

Descripction

Sports that are practiced, for competitive purposes, a series of gymnastic exercises on various appliances that are running sequences of physical exercises that require strength, flexibility, agility and elegance; for men: parallel bars, horizontal bar, rings, pony jumps, Colt with arches and soil; for the women: bars asymmetrical, bar of balances, horse of jumps and floor. 
"in gymnastics tests, judges score the performances of gymnasts"

Karate

Karate

Descripction

Is a martial art of Japanese origin (path of the hand) contact sport of individual participation the objective is to get points through blows with techniques of kick, open hand and fist the allowed zones: Head, Face, neck, abdomen, chest, rear area, side area (sides).

Cycling route

Cycling route

Descripction

Or road cycling is a form of competitive cycling which consists in compete in road, unlike in track cycling which is reduced to the oval of the velodrome or other procedures that are not in dispute on asphalt. Biking in route is a sport very demanding and should not be confused with elcicloturismo, in spite of the fact that he also will be able to give a certain level of competitive requirement as in the march cyclotourist Osprey and the Treparriscos or in the evidence of "ultramaratón cyclist" (randonneur), among others, but in them it is assumed that there are to be totally autonomous without assists in contrast to the cycling path on which everything is much more controlled.

Fight

Fight

Descripction

It is an individual sport, where the goal is to immobilize the opponent or win by points. There are two styles of Olympic struggle, the Greco Roman style, where it is strictly forbidden to restrain the opponent by below the line of the belt, tropezarlo or use the leg actively to do any action and the free style, which allows you to hold the legs of the opponent, tropezarlo and use legs actively to do any action.

Skating

Skating

Descripction

It is an individual sport or by teams that is performed in a specialized track in several ways: 300 mts. Against the clock, 1.000 mts and 10,000 mts.

Figure Skating: sport modality of skating, of individual participation or by pairs athletes should perform various exercises of dance and acrobatic figures that are punctuated by a jury.

Basque ball - Fronton

Basque ball - Fronton

Descripction

It is a sport of racket, individually or in pairs it practices in different surfaces clay, grass and cement in playing field is rectangular of 23,77 meters long by 8,23 m wide divided by a network.

Basque ball 

Recognizes four types with a total of fourteen specialties officers. in two of them involving women. Is considered form the type of court where it is played, and specialty in it are specialties and practice the modaliades official:

-In triquete is played to palette with rubber ball (men and women), a palette with pellota leather goods in hand (individual and couples) and Xare (or share). 

-In Frontón 36 meters (also called short pediment or left wall) is played short, paddle paddle with ball leather and hand (individual or in pairs and vane solid rubber.

Modern Pentathlon

Modern Pentathlon

Descripction

It is a sport Olympic male, female and mixed relay, which consists of five tests, of which the first three are individual: Fencing (sword), Swimming (200 m) and Equestrian (jumping test), and the latter two are combined: Shooting sports (pistol laser distance 10 m) and Running. Scores by the time of the testing, declaring himself winner that accumulate may amount of points.

Open Water

Open Water

Descripction

It is a form of swimming, individual sport, the goal is to finish in the shortest possible time, 
to win the test, the distances of 10 Km, ladies and men and 3 km mixed. 
The competition takes place in water with little current or tides, type salty or sweet, with a minimum depth of 1.40 m.

Bowling

Bowling

Descripction

Sport that is carried out in closed environments, is to knock down ten pine (bowling, breadsticks) ordered way to triangulate through the launch of a ball (4 kg. 7 kg.) It glides on a surface of 19,20 m. 1.06 meters. 
Of wooden slats, is played by teams, more known as chuza annotation or strike consists of demolish single-shot 10 pines.

CYCLING BMX

CYCLING BMX

Descripction

Sport that consists of making a certain number of turns a circuit with obstacles or natural or artificial jumps the bike is smaller than that in other modalities takes helmet protection, elbow pads, knee pads and gloves. 
Not print high speeds since predominates skills.

Rhythmic Gymnastics

Rhythmic Gymnastics

Descripction

Mode gymnastic female that develops especially the expressiveness body and is practice with accompaniment musical and certain appliances mobile, as the rope, them maces, the tape, the ring or the ball. 
"in rhythmic gymnastics manual skills and the physical exercises are mixed harmoniously"

Trampoline Gymnastics

Trampoline Gymnastics

Descripction

In trampoline gymnastics is a sport of gymnastics which consists of a series of exercises in multiple elastic devices, where the acrobatics is the main protagonist. It is mainly divided in three especialidad:

Tumbling: takes place in an elongated track of 25 meters above the ground which dampens impacts and at the same time the power. On this base the gymnasts perform series of 8 elements acrobatic composed by rondadas, tempos, flic-flac and jumps mortal, with or without turns. Competition will be two passes: one will be a pass of 8 elements where only mortals without turning, tempos or flic-flac can be. And the second pass will be tricks (turning mortal) in which if there is no Pirouette will be penalized in the note. 

Double Mini-Tramp: practiced in an elastic element of structure similar to trampoline, 3 m. long and 0.70 m. in height approximately which is accessed after a race and on which are two exercises of great difficulty, ending the second a fall cushion. 

Bed elastic: in it will compete with exercises mandatory and free of 10 elements. In the mandatory premium make easy mortals are observed where good execution (position, opening, placement of the legs and arms) and the free there are elements where raw material difficulty (each turn in the transverse or longitudinal axis increases the difficulty and score of each element). 

In the levels more developed is performed acrobatics between which are usual double and triple deadly with or without turns. Them sworn evaluated to them gymnasts with a formula in which intervenes the grade of difficulty of the routine or leap performed along with the execution of the same.

Archery

Archery

Descripction

It is an Olympic sport that consists of shooting an arrow at a target or white, competes in ladies and men's individual way. 
Of competition archery is a sport of precision which includes both the control of the mind and the body.

Fencing

Fencing

Descripction

 

It is an individual sport where rivals try to make points via a kind of sword contact with round tip thanks to a metallic Plastron, which joins the network of record of hits through a special intern. 
Carries protection on the face and other parts of the body takes place it on a smooth surface called petana. Technology allowing the score through an electronic record is used. Accidents in this sport are practically non-existent.

Golf

Golf

Descripction

It is a sport that consists of introducing a ball or small ball in a hole this hole is a medium and long distance through beaten with rods known as clubs of different weights and materials like wood and iron play to 18 holes unlike of the sports other golf does not provide a flat surface.

Voleibol playa

Voleibol playa

Descripction

It is a variant of volleyball played on sand, usually on the beach, but tournaments in towns in the interior with artificial fields are very popular. It is an Olympic discipline. 

The differences with the volleyball of track, apart from the surface of game, and of that is practice to open air, is the number of components of the team. The Regulation that applies to official competition establishes teams of two players without an option to no change, but its great popularity makes that beach volleyball is played informally in any part. It is very common in the popular tournaments to establish teams of four players.